Purchase this article with an account.
Tim J. Enz, Mario Bittner, James R. Tribble, Pete A. Williams, Michael A. Thiel, Martin K. Schmid, Lucas M. Bachmann, Frank Bochmann; Comparative Assessment of Retinal Blood Flow Velocity Changes Following Brimonidine and Brinzolamide Administration Using Retinal Function Imaging. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(2):1. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.2.1.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Impaired ocular blood flow has been associated with the etiopathogenesis of glaucoma. Topical brimonidine lowers intraocular pressure, a major glaucoma risk factor. However, brimonidine's influence on retinal blood flow remains to be fully elucidated. Our aim was to compare the effect of topical brimonidine and brinzolamide administration on retinal blood flow velocity in second and third order vessels in healthy adults using the retinal function imager.
In 10 healthy probands between 23 and 32 years of age, one eye was randomly selected to receive 2 treatment rounds with 3 single doses of brimonidine 2 mg/mL and brinzolamide 10 mg/mL at 12-hour intervals each. The fellow eyes served as intra-individual controls. Immediately before the first drop and 2 hours after the last drop of each treatment round, all subjects were examined, including Goldmann tonometry, Pascal tonometry, assessment of retinal blood flow velocity using the retinal function imager, as well as blood pressure and pulse measurements.
Intraocular pressure decreased significantly in treated eyes while remaining stable in control eyes, indicating reliable application of brimonidine and brinzolamide drops. In contrast, retinal blood flow velocities did not demonstrate any significant differences between groups after both treatment rounds.
Neither brimonidine nor brinzolamide appear to alter retinal blood flow velocity in a clinically relevant manner. The slight velocity changes detected in our study are likely physiologic fluctuations. Our findings do not support the rationale of a detrimental effect of topical brimonidine on ocular blood flow and hence brimonidine may be further administered for lowering intraocular pressure with the appropriate caution. However, our study is strongly limited by the small sample size and, thus, further research with larger cohorts of healthy volunteers and patients with glaucoma is needed to confirm the results.
The study provides information about the effect of the topically administered antiglaucoma medications brimonidine and brinzolamide on the ocular blood flow and its regulation. The findings indicate that beside the lowering of IOP there is no evidence for an additional effect on the development of glaucoma.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only