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Yuri Kim, Su-Ho Lim, Seungsoo Rho; Bleb Analysis Using Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography and Surgical Predictors of XEN Gel Stent. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(2):26. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.2.26.
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To determine the early predictors of surgical success 6 months after XEN surgery among clinical parameters, including anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT).
A total of 31 eyes with medically uncontrolled primary open-angle glaucoma or pseudoexfoliation glaucoma was enrolled retrospectively. Using AS-OCT, XEN tip location was categorized into intraconjunctival, intratenon, or uviform at day 1 and blebs were classified into no or low, high sparse, high thick, cystic, or mixed walls at month 6. Using slit-lamp photography, blebs were classified into no or low, localized avascular, diffuse avascular, localized vascular, or diffuse vascular blebs at month 6. Surgical success was defined as an intraocular pressure (IOP) of less than 14 mm Hg.
Intraconjunctival and intratenon locations of the tip mostly created a high sparse wall, whereas the uviform type mostly created no or low wall and no or low bleb. The uviform type was linked to pseudoexfoliation glaucoma. A high sparse wall and diffuse avascular bleb showed a lower mean IOP than a high thick wall and localized vascular bleb. In the multivariate analysis, female sex and IOP at week 1 were early predictors of surgical success (8.45 times and 33.1% per 1 mm Hg-decrease, respectively).
Bleb evaluation using AS-OCT is valuable to correlate tip location and bleb morphology with clinical profiles, considering that a lower early postoperative IOP is linked to surgical success.
Bleb analysis using AS-OCT on day 1 could help to predict bleb morphology after 6 months, which is important to maintain the functioning bleb in the longer term.
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