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Nicolò Nicolini, Beatrice Tombolini, Costanza Barresi, Francesco Pignatelli, Rosangela Lattanzio, Francesco Bandello, Maria Vittoria Cicinelli; Assessment of Diabetic Choroidopathy Using Ultra-Widefield Optical Coherence Tomography. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(3):35. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.3.35.
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The purpose of this study was to investigate a confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (cSLO) ultra-widefield (UWF) swept-source optical coherence tomography (S-SOCT) in assessment of diabetic choroidopathy and to evaluate the agreement of measurements with a spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT) instrument.
We conducted a cross-sectional study of patients with diabetes evaluating the choroidal vascularity index (CVI) in the nasal, temporal, and central macula segments of a UWF SS-OCT scan centered to the fovea. UWF pseudocolored fundus images were used for diabetic retinopathy (DR) severity staging. The CVI values were compared between different degrees of severity of DR and different posterior-pole sectors with linear mixed models. Central macula CVI measurements were repeated on SD-OCT scans; the interobserver intraclass coefficient (ICC) was calculated between SS-OCT and SD-OCT.
A total of 151 eyes of 85 patients were included. The CVI values decreased from nonproliferative DR to proliferative DR, with high-risk proliferative DR having significantly lower CVI values than moderate to severe nonproliferative DR (P = 0.03). The central macula region was the most evidently affected; the nasal sector was the least affected. The agreement between SS-OCT and SD-OCT was moderate (ICC = 0.50).
Diabetic choroidopathy progresses with worsening of DR toward proliferative disease; choroidal depletion is more prominent in the macula. Caution is recommended in comparing CVI values between different devices.
Choroidal vascularity informs about the severity of DR and its complications, such as macular edema. The agreement between readers and between instruments may be suboptimal in certain cases.
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