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Ho Seok Chung, Jinho Lee, Hun Lee, Jae Yong Kim, Hungwon Tchah; Evaluation of the Optical Aspects of the Ophthalmic Viscosurgical Device During Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(5):2. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.5.2.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
In femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS), capsulorhexis can be performed with an ophthalmic viscosurgical device (OVD) filled in the anterior chamber. We aimed to investigate changes in the laser properties in various optical aspects, such as focal shifting, reflection, and absorption associated with OVD.
Simulation was achieved by calculating the laser power attenuation due to reflection and spot size change using the Gullstrand eye model. Additionally, we calculated the absorption coefficient by measuring the laser power passing through the OVD with a laser meter and evaluated the effect of absorption by the OVD.
In our simulation, power attenuation due to reflection was a maximum of 0.07%, and power attenuation was 0.08% even when considering the change according to the incident angle. Power attenuation due to the change of the spot size at the focus was 0.005%. Owing to the absorption of the OVD, a power increase of up to 13.5% was required for an anterior chamber depth of 3.0 mm to obtain the same effect as the aqueous humor.
The main reason for laser power attenuation associated with OVD was laser absorption through the OVD, and could also be caused by laser cavitation bubbles. To complete a safe capsulotomy during FLACS, the laser power should be increased appropriately, considering the absorption by the OVD in the anterior chamber.
The study results can be applied to calculate the optimal femtosecond laser energy to achieve complete capsulotomy during FLACS in the presence of anterior chamber OVD.
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