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Sampson L. Abu, Shervonne Poleon, Lyne Racette; The Usefulness of Assessing Glaucoma Progression With Postprocessed Visual Field Data. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(5):5. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.5.5.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Data postprocessing with statistical techniques that are less sensitive to noise can be used to reduce variability in visual field (VF) series. We evaluated the detection of glaucoma progression with postprocessed VF data generated with the dynamic structure–function (DSF) model and MM-estimation robust regression (MRR).
The study included 118 glaucoma eyes with at least 15 visits selected from the Rotterdam dataset. The DSF and MRR models were each applied to observed mean deviation (MD) values from the first three visits (V1–3) to predict the MD at V4. MD at V5 was predicted with data from V1–4 and so on until the MD at V9 was predicted, creating two additional datasets: DSF-predicted and MRR-predicted. Simple linear regression was performed to assess progression at the ninth visit. Sensitivity was evaluated by adjusting for false-positive rates estimated from patients with stable glaucoma and by using longer follow-up series (12th and 15th visits) as a surrogate for progression.
For specificities of 80% to 100%, the DSF-predicted dataset had greater sensitivity than the observed and MRR-predicted dataset when positive rates were normalized with corresponding false-positive estimates. The DSF-predicted and observed datasets had similar sensitivity when the surrogate reference standard was applied.
Without compromising specificity, the use of DSF-predicted measurements to identify progression resulted in a better or similar sensitivity compared to using existing VF data.
The DSF model could be applied to postprocess existing visual field data, which could then be evaluated to identify patients at risk of progression.
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