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Tommaso Rossi, Giorgio Querzoli, Maria Grazia Badas, Federico Angius, Guido Ripandelli; Silicone Oil Tamponade–Retina Contact in Highly Myopic Eyes With and Without Encircling Bands: A Computational Fluid Dynamics Study. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(6):1. https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.6.1.
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To investigate the behavior of silicone oil (SiO) at a steady equilibrium and during saccades in pseudophakic highly myopic eyes with posterior staphyloma with and without an encircling band and compare it to behavior in emmetropic eyes. The SiO–retina contact area and shear stress were calculated by computational fluid dynamics.
A numerical model of an emmetropic eye and a myopic eye with and without scleral band underwent a saccade of 50°/0.137 s. The vitreous chamber surface was divided into superior and inferior 180° sectors: lens, pre-equator, post-equator, and macula. SiO–retina contact was evaluated as a function of fill percentages between 80% and 90% for standing, 45° upward tilt, and supine patients. Maximum and average shear stress were calculated.
Overall, SiO–retina contact ranged between 40% and 83%; fill percentage varied between 80% and 95%. Neither the encircling scleral band nor the staphyloma significantly affected the SiO–retina contact area, although the presence of a scleral band proved disadvantageous when gazing 45° upward. The inferior retina–SiO contact remained below 40% despite 95% SiO fill. The SS significantly increased at the scleral band indentation and decreased elsewhere. The staphyloma greatly reduced shear stress at the macula.
The presence of a myopic staphyloma reduces shear stress at the macula but does not alter SiO–retina contact significantly. The apposition of a 360° scleral band may reduce SiO–retina contact at least in some postures and increases the SS at the indentation.
Assessing SiO–retina contact when vitreous chamber geometry changes according to pathologic or iatrogenic modifications allows accurate prediction of real-life tamponade behavior and helps explain surgical outcomes.
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