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Naoki Takahashi, Kazuko Omodaka, Arata Nakazawa, Tsutomu Kikawa, Takahiro Ninomiya, Naoki Kiyota, Satoru Tsuda, Noriko Himori, Masahiro Akiba, Toru Nakazawa; Correlation Between Enlargement of Retinal Nerve Fiber Defect Angle in En Face Imaging and Visual Field Progression. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(6):8. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.6.8.
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Retinal nerve fiber layer defects (RNFLDs) become enlarged with glaucoma progression. We measured the RNFLD angle and investigated whether it was correlated with deterioration of the visual field in patients with glaucoma.
This study included 84 eyes of 84 patients with open-angle glaucoma (mean deviation [MD] = −6.51 ± 5.91 dB, follow-up period = 2.82 ± 0.74 years) with the RNFLDs, who underwent en face swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) wide scans (12 × 9 mm) at least 6 times. The RNFLD angle was measured as the intersection between the RNFLD and a circle centered on the disc with a radius half the distance between the disc and the fovea. Slopes for the RNFLD angle, macular ganglion cell layer thickness (GCCT), and circumpapillary RNFL thickness (cpRNFLT) were compared with the MD slope, as measured with the Humphrey field analyzer 24-2 program.
The correlation coefficients with MD slope were −0.67 for the RNFLD angle slope (P < 0.001), 0.15 for the macular GCCT slope (P = 0.163), and 0.04 for the cpRNFLT slope (P = 0.719). The RNFLD angle tended to increase as the number of disc hemorrhage occurrences increased (rs = 0.31, P = 0.004). The RNFLD angle slope also had good predictive power for glaucoma progression (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve = 0.88, 95% confidence interval = 0.81–0.95).
We found that the RNFLD angle slope was more closely associated with the MD slope than were other OCT parameters. This suggests that measurement of the RNFLD angle with en face OCT images could be effective in evaluating glaucoma progression.
Our study provides a method for monitoring glaucoma progression with SS-OCT.
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