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Shengshu Sun, Zhanglin Liu, Yuan Wu, Xiaowen Sun, Shaozhen Zhao, Yue Huang; Characteristics of Pupil Offset in Young Asian Adults With Mild-Moderate and High Myopia. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(6):13. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.6.13.
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The purpose of this study was to explore the characteristics of pupil offset in young Asian adults with myopia.
In total, 1200 eyes (600 young adults, 18–35 years old) were divided into mild-moderate and high groups according to equivalent spherical diopters (SEQ). The pupil offset and its X and Y components were compared between the groups. Linear correlation was analyzed among pupil offset, X and Y components, and SEQ. Multiple linear regression analysis was conducted for pupil offset and eye parameters.
The mean age of all subjects was 22.5 ± 4.8 years. The mean magnitude of the pupil offset (0.18 ± 0.09 mm vs. 0.15 ± 0.08 mm) and Y component (0.12 ± 0.08 mm vs. 0.10 ± 0.07 mm) were larger in the high group than in the mild-moderate group (P < 0.05). The magnitude of pupil offset, X and Y components, and SEQ were positively correlated. The pupil center (PC) of the right eye in the mild-moderate group was mainly superotemporal to the corneal vertex and mainly superonasal for the left eye and both eyes in the high group. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that the magnitude of pupil offset correlated with central corneal thickness, intraocular pressure, and mean corneal curvature (P < 0.05).
The magnitude of the pupil offset that correlated with partial eye parameters and its X and Y components increased as the SEQ increased, and the PC gradually shifted toward the superonasal direction in young Asian adults with myopia.
Subjects with high myopia with a larger pupil offset should be considered for better postoperative visual quality during refractive surgery.
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