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Nina Zippel, Cynthia Hess Kenny, Helen Wu, Michel Garneau, Rachel Kroe-Barrett, Priyanka Gupta, Sarah Low, Remko A. Bakker, Leo Thomas; Sema3A Antibody BI-X Prevents Cell Permeability and Cytoskeletal Collapse in HRMECs and Increases Tip Cell Density in Mouse Oxygen-Induced Retinopathy. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(6):17. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.6.17.
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Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) is an axonal guidance molecule that inhibits angiogenesis by vasorepulsion and blocks revascularization in the ischemic retina. BI-X is an intravitreal anti-Sema3A agent under clinical investigation in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and diabetic macular ischemia (DMI).
Surface plasmon resonance was used to determine binding affinity of BI-X to human and murine Sema3A. In vitro, human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (HRMECs) were used to assess effects of BI-X on cell permeability and cytoskeletal collapse induced by Sema3A. In vivo, intravitreal BI-X or an anti-trinitrophenol control antibody was administered in both eyes in mice with oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR). Retinal flat mounts were prepared, and avascular area and tip cell density were determined using confocal laser-scanning microscopy.
Dissociation constants for BI-X binding to human and murine Sema3A were 29 pM and 27 pM, respectively. In vitro, BI-X prevented HRMEC permeability and cytoskeletal collapse induced by Sema3A. In vivo, BI-X increased tip cell density by 33% (P < 0.001) and reduced avascular area by 12% (not significant). A significant negative correlation was evident between avascular area and tip cell density (r2 = 0.4205, P < 0.0001).
BI-X binds to human Sema3A with picomolar affinity and prevents cell permeability and cytoskeletal collapse in HRMECs. BI-X also enhances revascularization in mice with OIR.
BI-X is a potent inhibitor of human Sema3A that improves revascularization in a murine model of OIR; BI-X is currently being investigated in patients with laser-treated PDR and DMI.
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