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Zane Zenon Zemborain, Emmanouil Tsamis, Sol La Bruna, Ari Leshno, Carlos Gustavo De Moraes, Donald Charles Hood; Test of a Retinal Nerve Fiber Bundle Trajectory Model Using Eyes With Glaucomatous Optic Neuropathy. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(7):7. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.7.7.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To test a model of retinal nerve fiber bundle trajectories that predicts the arcuate-shaped patterns seen on optical coherence tomography (OCT) retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) probability/deviation maps (p-maps) in glaucomatous eyes.
Thirty-one glaucomatous eyes from a database of 250 eyes had clear arcuate-shaped patterns on RNFL p-maps derived from an OCT cube scan. The borders of the arcuate patterns were extracted from the RNFL p-maps. Next, the trajectories from an arcuate model were compared against these borders via a normalized root-mean-square difference analysis. The model's parameter, β, was varied, and the best-fitting, initial clock-hour position of the trajectory to the border was found for each β. Finally, the regions, as determined by the arcuate border's best-fit, initial clock-hour positions, were compared against the abnormal regions on the circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) profile.
The arcuate model's mean βSup and βInf parameters minimized large differences between the trajectories and the arcuate borders on the RNFL p-maps. Furthermore, on average, 68% of the cpRNFL regions defined by the arcuate border's best-fit, initial clock-hour positions were abnormal (i.e., below the ≤5% threshold).
The arcuate model performed well in predicting the borders of arcuate patterns seen on RNFL p-maps. It also predicted the associated abnormal regions of the cpRNFL thickness plots.
This model should prove useful in helping clinicians understand topographical comparisons among different OCT representations and should improve structure-structure, as well as structure-function agreement analyses.
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