Purchase this article with an account.
Yawen Wang, Liyan Xu, Shaopei Wang, Kaili Yang, Yuwei Gu, Qi Fan, Qing Wang, Meng Zhu, Kai Guo, Chenjiu Pang, Shengwei Ren, Dongqing Zhao; Heritability of Corneal Parameters in Nuclear Families With Keratoconus. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(7):13. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.7.13.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
This study aimed to investigate the heritability of corneal parameters obtained by Pentacam in nuclear families with keratoconus (KC).
A total of 82 patients with KC and their biological parents (n = 164) were recruited in the current study. All subjects underwent corneal tomography with Pentacam. Family units were analyzed to calculate the heritability of corneal parameters by linear mixed effects model using the R statistical software.
The pachymetry at apex, pupil, and thinnest point were all significantly heritable at 43.26%, 42.63%, and 43.09%, respectively. The heritability of flat meridian keratometry, steep meridian keratometry, and mean keratometry in the anterior surface were 10.36%, 9.05%, and 10.21%, respectively, and that of flat meridian keratometry, steep meridian keratometry, and mean keratometry in the posterior surface were 8.44%, 9.67%, and 9.06%, respectively. The posterior radius of curvature had higher heritability in comparison with anterior radius of curvature (19.16% vs. 14.37%). Moreover, among combined topometric indices, the heritability of index of vertical asymmetry was the highest (19.49%), and that of central keratoconus index was the lowest (6.64%).
The present study demonstrated a substantial heritability of corneal parameters in nuclear families with KC. The pachymetric indices are heritable and may be suitable as KC endophenotypes, suggesting a necessity to discover the genes associated with corneal thickness in KC.
The pachymetric indices are heritable and may be suitable as KC endophenotypes, indicating that the pachymetric indices might be a corneal characteristic to predict the occurrence of KC.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only