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Samaneh Sabouri, Saeedeh Pourahmad, Koenraad A. Vermeer, Hans G. Lemij, Siamak Yousefi; Pointwise and Region-Wise Course of Visual Field Loss in Patients With Glaucoma. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(7):20. https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.7.20.
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Accurate assessment of visual field (VF) trend may help clinicians devise the optimum treatment regimen. This study was conducted to investigate the behavior of VF sequences using pointwise and region-wise linear, exponential, and sigmoid regression models.
Materials and Methods:
In a retrospective cohort study, 277 eyes of 139 patients with glaucoma who had been followed for at least 7 years were investigated. Linear, exponential, and sigmoid regression models were fitted for each VF test location and Glaucoma Hemifield Test (GHT) region to model the trend of VF loss. The model with the lowest root mean square error (RMSE) was selected as the best fit.
The mean age (standard deviation [SD]) of the patients was 59.9 years (9.8) with a mean follow-up time of 9.3 (0.7) years. The exponential regression had the best fit based on pointwise and region-wise approaches in 39.3% and 38.1% of eyes, respectively. The results showed a better performance based on sigmoid regression in patients with initial VF sensitivity threshold greater than 22 dB (71.6% in pointwise and 62.2% in region-wise approaches). The overall RMSE of the region-wise regression model was lower than the overall RMSE of the pointwise model.
In the current study, nonlinear regression models showed a better fit compared to the linear regression models in tracking VF loss behavior. Moreover, findings suggest region-wise analysis may provide a more appropriate approach for assessing VF deterioration.
Findings may confirm a nonlinear progression of VF deterioration in patients with glaucoma.
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