Purchase this article with an account.
Fei Li, Jianying Pan, Dalu Yang, Junde Wu, Yiling Ou, Huiting Li, Jiamin Huang, Huirui Xie, Dongmei Ou, Xiaoyi Wu, Binghong Wu, Qinpei Sun, Huihui Fang, Yehui Yang, Yanwu Xu, Yan Luo, Xiulan Zhang; A Multicenter Clinical Study of the Automated Fundus Screening Algorithm. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(7):22. https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.7.22.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To evaluate the effectiveness of automated fundus screening software in detecting eye diseases by comparing the reported results against those given by human experts.
There were 1585 subjects who completed the procedure and yielded qualified images. The prevalence of referable diabetic retinopathy (RDR), glaucoma suspect (GCS), and referable macular diseases (RMD) were 20.4%, 23.2%, and 49.0%, respectively. The overall sensitivity values for RDR, GCS, and RMD diagnosis are 0.948 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.918–0.967), 0.891 (95% CI, 0.855–0.919), and 0.901 (95% CI–0.878, 0.920), respectively. The overall specificity values for RDR, GCS, and RMD diagnosis are 0.954 (95% CI, 0.915–0.965), 0.993 (95% CI–0.986, 0.996), and 0.955 (95% CI–0.939, 0.968), respectively.
We prospectively enrolled 1743 subjects at seven hospitals throughout China. At each hospital, an operator records the subjects' information, takes fundus images, and submits the images to the Image Reading Center of Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-Sen University (IRC). The IRC grades the images according to the study protocol. Meanwhile, these images will also be automatically screened by the artificial intelligence algorithm. Then, the analysis results of automated screening algorithm are compared against the grading results of IRC. The end point goals are lower bounds of 95% CI of sensitivity values that are greater than 0.85 for all three target diseases, and lower bounds of 95% CI of specificity values that are greater than 0.90 for RDR and 0.85 for GCS and RMD.
Automated fundus screening software demonstrated a high sensitivity and specificity in detecting RDR, GCS, and RMD from color fundus imaged captured using various cameras.
These findings suggest that automated software can improve the screening effectiveness for eye diseases, especially in a primary care context, where experienced ophthalmologists are scarce.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only