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Yu Lu, Jing Yue, Jian Chen, Xue Li, Lanhua Wang, Wenyong Huang, Jianyu Zhang, Ting Li; Retinal Microvasculature and Choriocapillaris Flow Deficit in Relation to Serum Uric Acid Using Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(8):9. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.8.9.
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To explore the relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) and retinochoroidal microcirculation in the Chinese population.
This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted among the residents of Guangzhou, southern China. A commercially available optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) device was used to obtain the superficial vessel density (SVD) and deep vessel density in the retina and the choriocapillaris flow deficit (CFD) in the macular region. Univariable and multivariable linear regression models were used to assess the association of hyperuricemia and SUA levels with OCTA parameters.
A total of 638 participants with normal SUA and 296 participants with hyperuricemia were included in the study. Parafoveal SVD was significantly reduced among the participants with hyperuricemia compared to participants with normal SUA (P < 0.001), while the parafoveal CFD was higher in hyperuricemic participants than those of normal SUA levels (P = 0.007). After adjusting for potential confounders, greater SUA levels was associated with lower SVD (β = −0.078; P < 0.001) and greater CFD (β = 0.015; P = 0.011). Gender difference analysis indicated that a 10-µmol/L increase in SUA levels among the female participants led to a 0.144 decrease in SVD (P < 0.001), but it was not statistically significant for the male participants (P = 0.653).
An elevated uric acid level and its fluctuations were independently associated with impaired retinal and choroidal microcirculation using OCTA in the study population. Women appear to be more sensitive to high SUA levels than men.
Elevating uric acid concentration may play a role in the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases through microvascular alteration, as demonstrated by OCTA parameters.
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