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Juan A. Sepulveda, Joanne M. Wood, Andrew J. Anderson, Allison M. McKendrick; The Effects of Glare on the Perception of Visual Motion as a Function of Age. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(9):11. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.9.11.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of glare, that simulated the effects of oncoming vehicle headlights, and age on different aspects of motion perception in central and peripheral vision.
Twenty younger (mean age = 25 years, range = 20–32 years) and 20 older (mean age = 70 years, range = 60–79 years) visually healthy adults completed four visual motion tasks. Stimuli were presented centrally and at 15 degrees horizontal eccentricity for 2 viewing conditions: glare (continuous, off-axis) versus no glare. Motion tasks included minimum Gabor contrast required to discriminate direction of motion, translational global motion coherence, minimum duration of a Gabor to determine direction of motion (2 different size Gabors to determine spatial surround suppression), and biological motion detection in noise. Intraocular straylight was also measured (C-Quant).
Older adults had increased intraocular straylight compared with younger adults (P < 0.001). There was no significant effect of glare on motion thresholds in either group for motion contrast (P = 0.47), translational global motion (P = 0.13), biological motion (P = 0.18), or spatial surround suppression of motion (P = 0.29). Older adults had elevated thresholds for motion contrast (P < 0.001), biological motion (P < 0.001), and differences in surround suppression of motion (P = 0.04), relative to the younger group, for both the glare and no-glare conditions.
Although older adults had elevated thresholds for some motion perception tasks, glare from a continuous off-axis light source did not further elevate these thresholds either in central or peripheral vision.
A glare source that simulated the effect of oncoming headlights, did not impact motion perception measures relevant to driving.
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