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Yuji Yoshikawa, Takuhei Shoji, Junji Kanno, Hirokazu Ishii, Minami Chino, Yuro Igawa, Kei Shinoda, Yozo Miyake; Relationship Between Deep Retinal Macular Vessel Density and Bipolar Cell Function in Glaucomatous Eyes. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(10):4. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.10.4.
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To evaluate the correlation between macular retinal function and the changes in the macular retinal vascular structure in glaucomatous eyes.
The study included patients with glaucoma who visited Saitama Medical University and underwent optical coherence tomography angiography, and multifocal electroretinographic examinations at the same time between February 2020 and April 2021. Correlations among the ocular parameters, macular vessel density, and multifocal electroretinographic parameters were evaluated using a mixed model.
Forty-one eyes (mean deviation, −12.4 ± 7.8 dB) of 24 subjects (mean age, 75.2 ± 8.3 years) were included in the analysis. There were no significant correlations for macular vessel density in the superficial retinal layer. However, macular vessel density in the deep retinal layer showed a significant positive correlation with P1–N1 amplitude (coefficient = 0.724; P = 0.001). There were no significant correlations between the optical coherence tomography parameters and any of the multifocal electroretinographic parameters.
A decrease in N1–P1 amplitude was observed in glaucomatous eyes in relation to a reduction in macular vessel density in the deep retinal layer, which suggests that ischemia-induced bipolar cell dysfunction may be involved in the intermediate retinal dysfunction associated with glaucoma.
Intermediate retinal dysfunction in glaucoma is related to the changes in deep retinal microvasculature.
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