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Yuna Uechi, Kentaro Nakamura, Masato Shinozuka, Shohei Kawasaki, Kazuyoshi Okawa, Tatsuya Inoue, Ryo Asaoka, Maiko Maruyama-Inoue, Yasuo Yanagi, Kazuaki Kadonosono; Measurement of the Macular Hole Diameter by En Face Slab Optical Coherence Tomography Reflectance Imaging. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(10):13. https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.10.13.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To evaluate the repeatability of macular hole (MH) diameter measurement on en face slab optical coherence tomography (OCT) reflectance images and assess its potential to predict visual acuity (VA).
We enrolled 27 eyes with full-thickness MHs in this study. Preoperative en face slab OCT reflectance images were obtained. Image binarization, ellipse approximation, and uncorrected measurement of minimum diameter, min(ef_uc), and maximum diameter, max(ef_uc), were performed using ImageJ. In addition, magnification-corrected diameters were calculated as min(ef) and max(ef) using the Littman and modified Bennett formulas. Spectral-domain OCT horizontal images were used as the conventional method for the analysis: min(conv) and max(conv). The inter-rater reliability of the method was evaluated by calculating the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The following relationships were analyzed: (1) between logMAR VA and min(ef_uc), min(ef), and min(conv); and (2) between logMAR VA and max(ef_uc), max(ef), and max(conv).
The min(ef) and max(ef) values were 439.4 ± 240.5 µm and 720.7 ± 346.1 µm, respectively. The ICC values were 0.985 and 0.999 for min(ef) and max(ef), and 0.885 and 0.909 for min(conv) and max(conv), respectively. Multivariate analysis suggested that min(ef), but not min(ef_uc) or min(conv), was associated with pre- and postoperative logMAR VA. Furthermore, max(ef), but not max(ef_uc) or max(conv), was also closely correlated with pre- and postoperative logMAR VA.
The MH diameter measured by our method is highly reproducible and closely associated with VA compared to that measured by the conventional method.
The MH diameter measured by this modality might serve as an accurate biomarker to predict visual function in eyes with MH.
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