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Tsubasa Abe, Takafumi Yoshioka, Youngseok Song, Tomofumi Tani, Motofumi Kawai, Tsuneaki Omae, Kengo Takahashi, Yoshitaka Takizawa, Tomoko Ro-Mase, Satoshi Ishiko, Kana Minamide, Jun Sakai, Masahiro Akiba, Yohei Hashimoto, Akitoshi Yoshida; Glaucoma Diagnostic Performance of Retinal Blood Flow Measurement With Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(10):11. https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.10.11.
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of retinal blood flow (RBF) measured with the Doppler optical coherence tomography (OCT) segmental scanning method to distinguish between healthy and glaucoma eyes.
Fifty-eight patients with normal tension glaucoma (NTG) who had a single-hemifield visual field defect and 44 age-matched healthy subjects were enrolled. Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) was measured with swept-source OCT. Superior and inferior temporal arteries (TAs) and temporal veins (TVs) RBF were measured with Doppler OCT. The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) was used to compare the diagnostic performances in the damaged and normal hemispheres.
Multivariate regression analysis showed TA RBF and TV RBF were significantly reduced in the damaged and normal hemispheres. The ROC analysis showed that the AUC for quadrant RNFLT, TA RBF, and TV RBF were 0.973, 0.909, and 0.872 in the damaged hemisphere, respectively. The AUC values in the normal hemisphere were 0.783, 0.744, and 0.697, respectively. The combination of quadrant RNFLT and TA/TV RBF had a greater AUC than quadrant RNFLT alone in both damaged (AUC = 0.987) and normal (AUC = 0.825) hemispheres.
In NTG eyes with single-hemifield damage, the RBF was found to be significantly reduced in the damaged and normal hemispheres independent from structural changes. The combination of RNFLT and RBF could improve diagnostic performances for glaucoma.
Combining morphological and blood flow measurements with Doppler OCT may be useful in glaucoma diagnosis.
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