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Hongyu Duan, Jianyang Xie, Yifan Zhou, Hui Zhang, Yiyun Liu, Chuhao Tang, Yitian Zhao, Hong Qi; Characterization of the Retinal Microvasculature and FAZ Changes in Ischemic Stroke and Its Different Types. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(10):21. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.10.21.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
This study aimed to assess morphological changes in the retinal microvasculature and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) in patients with ischemic stroke and its different subtypes.
Thirty-three patients with ischemic stroke (14 with nonlacunar infarction and 19 with lacunar infarction) and 27 control participants were enrolled in this study. Based on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), three vascular parameters, including vascular area density, vascular fractal dimension (VFD), and vascular orientation distribution (VOD), and four FAZ-related parameters, including FAZ area, FAZ axis ratio (FAR), FAZ circularity (FC), and FAZ roundness, in the superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP) were extracted and analyzed.
Logistic regression results showed that worse best-corrected visual acuity (odds ratio [OR], 0.21), higher FAR (OR, 2.77) and lower FC (OR, 0.36) of the DCP were associated with ischemic stroke. Furthermore, lower VOD of the SCP was significantly associated with lacunar infarction compared with nonlacunar infarction.
Our study shows that the FAR and FC of the DCP may be potential biomarkers of ischemic stroke. Moreover, we demonstrated that OCT showed specific damage patterns in retinal microvascular and macular morphology in different subtypes of ischemic stroke.
This work lays the foundation for the pathophysiological characteristics of cerebrovascular diseases assisted by retinal imaging and artificial intelligence.
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