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Chien-Chih Chou, Po-Jen Shih, Tzuu-Shuh Jou, Min-Yen Hsu, Jun-Peng Chen, Rai-Hseng Hsu, Ni-Chung Lee, Yin-Hsiu Chien, Wuh-Liang Hwu, I-Jong Wang; Corneal Biomechanical Characteristics in Osteogenesis Imperfecta With Collagen Defect. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2023;12(1):14. https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.12.1.14.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To identify the characteristic corneal biomechanical properties of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), and to compare the corneal biomechanical properties between OI and keratoconus.
We included 46 eyes of 23 patients with OI, 188 eyes of 99 keratoconus patients, and 174 eyes of 92 normal controls to compare corneal biomechanical parameters between OI corneas, keratoconus, and normal controls by using Corneal Visualization Scheimpflug Technology (Corvis ST).
Patients with OI had significantly higher Corvis biomechanical index (CBI) (P < 0.001), higher tomographic and biomechanical index (TBI) (P = 0.040), lower Corvis Biomechanical Factor (CBiF) (P = 0.034), and lower stiffness parameter at first applanation (SP-A1) (P < 0.001) compared with normal controls. In contrast, OI group showed lower CBI (P < 0.001), lower TBI (P < 0.001), higher CBiF (P < 0.001), and higher SP-A1 (P = 0.020) than keratoconus group. Notably, the stress-strain index (SSI) was not significantly different between the OI and normal controls (P = 1.000), whereas keratoconus showed the lowest SSI compared with OI group (P = 0.025) and normal controls (P < 0.001).
Although the corneal structures of OI patients are less stable and easier to deform as compared to those of the control group, there is no significant difference in material stiffness observed between the OI and normal controls. In contrast, the corneas of keratoconus showed not only lower structural stability and higher deformability but also lower material stiffness compared with those of OI cornea and normal controls.
The biomechanical alterations are different between OI corneas and keratoconus.
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