Purchase this article with an account.
Nathan Pan-Doh, Xinxing Guo, Lubaina T. Arsiwala-Scheppach, Keenan A. Walker, A. Richey Sharrett, Alison G. Abraham, Pradeep Y. Ramulu; Associations of Midlife and Late-Life Blood Pressure Status With Late-Life Retinal OCT Measures. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2023;12(2):3. https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.12.2.3.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To explore the relationship of long-term blood pressure (BP) patterns with late-life optical coherence tomography (OCT) structural measures reflecting optic nerve health.
Participants in this community-based cohort study of black and white individuals were part of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study and the nested Eye Determinants of Cognition (EyeDOC) study. Participants had BP measured six times from 1987 to 2017 and were categorized into five BP patterns: sustained normotension; midlife normotension, late-life hypertension (systolic BP [SBP] >140 mmHg or diastolic BP [DBP] >90 mmHg or antihypertensive medication use); sustained hypertension; midlife normotension, late-life hypotension (SBP <90 mmHg or DBP <60 mmHg); and midlife hypertension, late-life hypotension. Multivariable linear regression modeling was used to evaluate associations between BP patterns and late-life OCT ganglion cell complex (GCC) and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness.
In total, 931 eyes of 931 participants (mean age at EyeDOC visit = 80 years; 63% female; 45% black) were included. Mean GCC and RNFL thicknesses in the sustained normotension pattern were 90.8 ± 10.3 µm and 89.9 ± 11.2 µm versus 89.4 ± 11.9 µm and 90.1 ± 12.2 µm in the sustained hypertension pattern (P > 0.05). Compared to the sustained normotension pattern, no significant differences in GCC or RNFL thickness were found for any anomalous BP pattern.
Assessment of long-term BP status showed no significant associations with late-life OCT structural measures.
OCT imaging results in our population-based sample suggest that neither hypertension, even when present in midlife, nor late-life hypotension are significant risk factors for late-life optic nerve damage.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only