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Shiheng Lu, Peirong Lu; Comprehensive LncRNA and Potential Molecular Mechanism Analysis in Noninfectious Uveitis. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2023;12(3):2. https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.12.3.2.
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Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) is noncoding RNA and have played a key role or be treated as a biomarker in a variety of diseases such as tumors. However, extensive lncRNA analysis for uveitis has not been explored completely. In this study, we analyzed the lncRNAs with altered expression in peripheral blood comprehensively for three major autoimmune diseases (ankylosing spondylitis [AS], Behҫet's disease [BD], and sarcoidosis) to search potential hub gene and molecular mechanism for noninfectious uveitis.
In total, we included 18 patients with AS and 12 patients with sarcoidosis versus 25 controls for GSE18781; we also included 15 patients with BD versus 14 controls for GSE17114 in this study. The lncRNA and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression levels were determined by microarray using serum samples from patients and healthy controls.
Twenty-one lncRNAs and 1073 mRNAs were detected in patients with AS, 4 lncRNAs and 62 mRNAs in patients with BD, and 196 lncRNAs and 5376 mRNAs in patients with sarcoidosis. Thus, we suspected lncRNA XIST and MIAT, mRNA FCGBP, CD247, CTSW, AES, NCR3, TIGIT, CASP5, DUSP2, and TBX21 may be the most possible hub genes for AS, BD, and sarcoidosis. These RNAs were involved in the mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway and inflammatory cytokine pathways.
In this study, comprehensive bioinformatics analysis identified lncRNAs with altered expression in three major autoimmune diseases that may combine with noninfectious uveitis. This study provides novel insights into the molecular pathogenetic mechanisms and key information toward developing new diagnostic biomarkers and special therapeutic targets for noninfectious uveitis in AS, BD, and sarcoidosis.
LncRNAs and their potential mechanisms provide new strategies for prevention and treatment for noninfectious uveitis in patients with AS, BD, and sarcoidosis.
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