Purchase this article with an account.
Leslie Wilson, Katherine E. Lewis, Lawrence S. Evans, Stacey R. Dillon, Kathryn L. Pepple; Systemic Administration of Acazicolcept, a Dual CD28 and Inducible T cell Costimulator Inhibitor, Ameliorates Experimental Autoimmune Uveitis. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2023;12(3):27. https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.12.3.27.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Combined inhibition of CD28 and inducible T cell costimulator (ICOS) pathways with acazicolcept (ALPN-101) represents a potential new treatment for uveitis. Here, we evaluate preclinical efficacy using experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) in Lewis rats.
Efficacy was tested in 57 Lewis rats treated with either systemic (subcutaneous) or local (intravitreal) administration of acazicolcept and compared to treatment with a matched Fc-only control or corticosteroid. Impact of treatment on uveitis was assessed using clinical scoring, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and histology. Ocular effector T cell populations were determined using flow cytometry, and multiplex ELISA used to measure aqueous cytokine concentrations.
When compared to Fc control treatment, systemic acazicolcept led to statistically significant decreases in clinical score (P < 0.01), histologic score (P < 0.05), and number of ocular CD45+ cells (P < 0.01). Number of ocular CD4+ and CD8+ T cells expressing IL-17A+ and IFNγ+ were also decreased with statistical significance (P < 0.01). Similar results were achieved with corticosteroids. Intravitreal acazicolcept decreased inflammation scores when compared to untreated fellow eyes and to Fc control treated eyes, although not statistically significant. Systemic toxicity, measured by weight loss, occurred in the corticosteroid-treated, but not in the acazicolcept-treated animals.
Systemic treatment with acazicolcept statistically significantly suppressed EAU. Acazicolcept was well-tolerated without the weight loss associated with corticosteroids. Acazicolcept may be an effective alternative to corticosteroids for use in treating autoimmune uveitis. Additional studies are needed to clarify the optimal dose and route for use in humans.
We show that T cell costimulatory blockade could be an effective mechanism for treating uveitis.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only