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Zhonghua Luo, Yue Xu, Kun Xu, Matthew Fan, Ching-Kit Tsui, Xi Lu, Benjuan Wu, Xinyu Zhao, Xiaoyu Tang, Peiqi Wu, Kaixuan Cui, Shanshan Yu, Xiaoling Liang; Choroidal Vortex Vein Drainage System in Central Serous Chorioretinopathy Using Ultra-Widefield Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2023;12(9):17. https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.12.9.17.
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To evaluate differences in the choroidal vortex vein drainage system (VV) in eyes between patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) and unaffected individuals using ultra-widefield optical coherence tomography angiography (UWF-OCTA).
In this cross-sectional observational study, 40 eyes of patients with CSC and 28 eyes of healthy volunteers were included. The analysis involved the use of UWF-OCTA to analyze the proportion of the choroidal vortex vein drainage system (VV%), choroidal thickness, choroidal vascular volume (CVV), and choroidal vascularity index (CVI) of the VV in each drainage quadrant. The location relationship between the leakage points in fluorescein angiography and the VV was also explored.
A within-group analysis of VV% showed a statistically significant difference in the CSC group (P < 0.001) but not in the control group (P = 0.270). Compared to healthy eyes, CSC eyes had a significantly larger CVV and higher CVI in all regions (all P < 0.05). The superotemporal (ST) drainage system had the largest CVV and thickest choroidal layer among the four drainage quadrants (all P < 0.05) in CSC eyes. The leakage rate in the ST quadrant was significantly higher than that in the inferotemporal quadrant (P < 0.001).
CSC eyes have an asymmetric vortex vein drainage system, with relative hyperperfusion in all VV. Further, the preferential drainage route of the submacular choroid may be the ST drainage system in CSC eyes.
Targeting the imbalanced drainage system could be a potential therapeutic approach for CSC.
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