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Yilin Qiao, Dan Cheng, Xueying Zhu, Kaiming Ruan, Yufeng Ye, Jiafeng Yu, Zhengxi Zhang, Weiqian Gao, Minhui Wu, Meixiao Shen, Lijun Shen; Characteristics of the Peripapillary Structure and Vasculature in Patients With Myopic Anisometropia. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2023;12(10):16. https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.12.10.16.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To evaluate the interocular differences of the peripapillary structural and vascular parameters and that of association with axial length (AL) in participants with myopic anisometropia using swept-source optical coherence tomography.
This prospective cross-sectional study included 90 eyes of 45 participants. Each participant's eyes were divided into the more and less myopic eye respectively according to spherical equivalent. The β- and γ-parapapillary atrophy (PPA) areas, Bruch's membrane opening distance, border length, and border tissue angle were measured manually. Peripapillary choroidal vascularity index and choroidal thickness (CT) values in superior, nasal, inferior, and temporal were calculated using a custom-built algorithm based on MATLAB.
The interocular difference in AL and spherical equivalent was 0.62 ± 0.26 mm and −1.50 (−2.13, −1.25) diopters (D), respectively. The interocular difference in spherical equivalent was highly correlated with that of the AL. The β- and γ-PPA areas were significantly greater in more myopic eyes. The mean and inferior peripapillary choroidal vascularity index and all regions of peripapillary CT were significantly lower in the more myopic eyes. The interocular difference in AL was significantly positively correlated with the interocular differences in γ-PPA area and border length and negatively correlated with the interocular differences in temporal choroidal vascularity index and mean, inferior, and temporal peripapillary CT. There was an independent correlation between the interocular differences in AL and the interocular differences in γ-PPA area, inferior, and temporal peripapillary CT.
Significant differences between both groups were detected in most peripapillary parameters, especially in peripapillary CT. The γ-PPA area, border length, and peripapillary CT were significantly correlated with the elongation of AL.
The current study characterized and analyzed the peripapillary parameters in myopic anisometropia, which helped to monitor myopic progression.
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